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Biomass & Pellets Hero

Eco Heating Fuel


Biomass / Pellets

  • Wood Pellets
  • Wood Pellets vs. Biomass Pellets
  • Pellet Quality
  • Their production
  • How much does the heating with pellets cost?
  • Conversion of a Conventional Oil Burner into a Pellet Burner
  • Ask for Details
Pellets from wood for heating residential and commercial premises.

The history of heating with pellets (wood pellets) began in the early 80s in the US and Canada, and spread to Scandinavia from the 90s, where the trend is increasing. Since about 2000, wood pellets conquer more and more consumers in Central Europe, Germany, Austria, Italy, France, etc … It is a form of biofuel with wide use and numerous applications, consisting of woody biomass pellets form. To produce it, the feedstock that can be used are wood processing residues, forest residues and agricultural residues. The pellets are standard cylindrical biological fuel with quality specifications, for the manufacture of which is not used any adhesives or chemical additives – only high pressure steam, which renders them as totally environmentally friendly.

First to clarify what is biomass and what is biomass pellets. Biomass is called any material produced by living organisms (such as wood and other forest products, crop residues, animal wastes, food industry wastes, etc.) and can be used as fuel for energy production. Energy is committed to herbal substances coming from the sun. In the process of photosynthesis, plants transform solar energy into biomass. The animal organisms engage that energy with their food and store a part of it. This energy eventually attached by the biomass after treatment and its use. It is a renewable energy source because it is actually stored solar energy which is bound by plants during photosynthesis. An application of biomass are also the pellet. So we find them commercially as biomass pellets.

Pellets is called the wood sawdust that after compression in a special machine is used as a clean fuel for heating. In the market special heaters are promoted that run on the combustion of such pellets, which are available in both classic and modern design, and reproduce the warmth of a wood-burning fireplace without the difficulties in installation and maintenance that fireplaces have. The wood pellets during combustion emit less particulate matter dispersed into the atmosphere through the smoke, it means that it is more environmentally friendly than simply burning that is done in a traditional wood-burning fireplace. The new technology stoves and pellet biomass boilers regulate electronic their feeding rate according to the temperature of the rooms.

In the market you will find them generally as pellets but it is good to know that are divided into three main categories according to the primary material: 1. Woodpellet made from 100% timber processing, 2. Biopellet made of energy plants and 3. Agropellet made from agricultural residues. Apart from the main categories in the market are manufactured pellets with various mixes and they are subclasses but because the options to mix are too many there are standards.

The top quality of the pellets is Wood Pellets and depending on the species of the tree is proportional the value. In order better quality trees are: Beech – Oak, Pine.

The production of the pellets (pellets) made in respective processing units. The pellets (pellets) produced in the form of small cylindrical pieces compressed sawdust or biomass (of various crops, forestry biomass, wood industry residues, etc.) of various sizes (e.g., diameter 6 mm and length 30 mm). The pellets have a moisture content 8-10% (weight about 650 kilograms per cubic meter) and a heat value of approximately 17-21 MJ / kg (depending on the type of biomass), i.e. 2 kg pellet equivalent to a little less than 1 liter of oil . The compressed biomass into pellet form enables the distribution and easy storage and makes it possible to use for home heating or heating buildings and other facilities such as industrial units.

For 2012 the price of pellets are from 270-300 euro / ton while heating oil has reached 1,400 euros / ton. When you take into account that the caloric yield of oil compared with the pellet is ½, it needs two parts pellet to meet the caloric yield a portion of oil, the cost difference is converted as follows: 500 euro, two tons of pellets that have the same caloric and greater efficiency than a ton of oil that costs 1,400 euros. So we are talking about a 1/3 price difference in favor of green biofuel! Oil use time or firewood for stoves and fireplaces in modern houses tend to be past for good. Forget the low heating capacities and black smoke that existed as a result of use of the above materials. Modern biomass utilization technologies have evolved so that now form a reliable and competitive choice, not only at home but also in a wide range of business activities. In recent years the use of wood pellets is becoming more common as a way of producing energy.

In general, with the rising price of heating oil an economical solution for small houses or apartment buildings, without major changes in our place, is to replace the oil burner with pellet burner. The only part that changes is the burner, without changing anything from your old installation. All you need extra is a silo for feeding the burner with pellet. Have a look at the following example video, demonstrating how simple it is to replace your traditional oil burner with a new pellet burner: